[fondbleu]Martinique, nicknamed the flowers island, is a volcanic island. Mount Pelée is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. Banana is the main production on the island. Tourism has allowed Martinique to regain her dynamism.[/fondbleu]
- Capital : Fort-de-France
- Position : 14°40 N, 61° O
- Population : 394000 inhabitants
- Surface : 1128 km2
- ZEE : 47000 km2
- Currency : euro
- Status : Overseas Department
- Density : 349.3 hab/km2
Before being « discovered » in 1502 by Christopher Columbus during his fourth voyage, Martinique was the land of Kalina people better known under the name Caribbean. France took possession of it in 1635. The development of the island was then based on the development of the triangular trade sinister and secular exploitation of slaves on plantations. The island has became a French Department in 1946. In 2010 Martinique has chose for the creation of a single Community (Territorial Collectivity of Martinique) substituting to the region and to the department.
Wanakaera (Iguanas Island), Matinino (Women Island), Matinik, Madinina, the flowers island… his nicknames are numerous but all describe its uniqueness and beauty.
Of volcanic origin, Martinique is crowned by Mount Pelée which destroyed the old capital of Martinique, Saint-Pierre, in 1902. The city has became « city of art and history » and remains a jewel of Caribbean tourism. There are plenty of hikes to do and a lot of observation points of its lush vegetation on the slopes of the volcano. We also discover in this beautiful « flowers island » splendid parks and gardens that invite you to walk and dream. South and north, you will find beautiful beaches and great surfing location. Many fishing villages lying along the coast will offer all tastes and aromas of a colorful country. Here, take the time to experience and appreciate the multicolored world of our history and geography. Surfing for example at the Caravelle peninsula in the morning, « the Pipirit singing », then return to Fort-de-France to enjoy the night life of the country …
Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea Relief map of Martinique, with an area of 1128 km² (10 times the area of Paris). As Guadeloupe it is an overseas department of France. To the northwest lies Dominica. To the south southeast lies Saint Lucia and Barbados. As with the other overseas departments, it is one the twenty-seven regions of France and is an integral part of the Republic. The first European to discover the island was Christopher Columbus in 1493. As part of France, the island is part of the European Union and its currency is Euro. Its official language is French, although many of its inhabitants also speak Creole from Martinique.
The Mount Pelée, an active volcano with a total area of 1100 km², Martinique is the 3rd largest island in the Lesser Antilles after Trinidad and Guadeloupe. It extends over 70 km long and 30 km wide. The highest point is Mount Pelée volcano (1397m). The last two major eruptive phases arrived in 1902: the eruption of May 8, 1902 destroyed St. Pierre and killed 28 000 inhabitants in 2 minutes. The 30 August 1902 eruption caused almost 1100 deaths, especially in Morne-Rouge and Ajoupa-Bouillon. Navigate on the coast of Martinique is difficult using vessels. The Peninsula Caravelle clearly separates the North Atlantic and South Atlantic. The north of the island is mountainous and heavily forested. It has four sets of peaks (volcanoes) and mountains: Mount Conil in the far north, overlooking the canal of Dominica, the Mountain Pelée, an active volcano, Morne Jacob and the Pitons of Carbet, a set of five extinct volcanoes covered with tropical rainforest and overlooking the Bay of Fort de France at 1196 meters. The highest mountain of the island, 1397 meters, is the famous volcano Mount Pelée. The volcanic ash has created and beaches of gray and black sand in the north (especially between Anse Galets and Anse Céron), clearly contrasting with the white sandy beach of Salines in the south of the island. The south is more easily passable, though has some impressive geographical features. Because it is easier to move and through the many hotel facilities, the south receives most of the flow of tourists. The beaches of the Pointe du Bout, Diamant, Sainte Luce, and the region of Sainte Anne and Salines are the most popular.
Martinique is located in a tropical climate zone moderated by wind flows. Two seasons divide the year: the dry season from December to April when the weather is sunny with occasional torrential rain and temperatures around 27 ° C and the wet season from June to November, with an heavier atmosphere, temperatures around 30 ° C and frequent heavy rains. The sea temperature fluctuates between 26 to 28 ° C depending on the month. It is cooler in the mountains. Hurricanes are possible in September and October, especially on the east coast. The best time to visit is between December and April.